Source of The Ganges
Where lies the original source of Ganges
Ganges River or the Ganga River flowing through the vast country of India, is the most revered
among the Indian rivers. The river has major contribution towards the sustenance of life in the
great Indian plains. However, the significant journey of the Ganga begins from Gangotri, which
is regarded as the original source of origin of the river Ganges.
A famous story about the birth of the Ganges is found mentioned in the Indian mythology. It is
narrated that King Bhagirath prayed to Lord Shiva and his desire was granted that Goddess
Ganga would flow on earth to endow life to his expired antecedents. It is believed that Ganges
River is entangled in Lord Shiva’s locks, to save the earth from devastation. Gomukh, situated
close to the Gangotri glacier looks similar to a cow’s head and surprisingly, the river flows down
with immense velocity through this natural structure.
Due to its immense significance to Hinduism, Gangotri is one of the most renowned pilgrimage
spots in India, attracting bulk of tourists.
Gangotri Glacier: Located in the Uttarkashi district in the northern Indian state of Uttarkhand,
adjacent to the boundary of China, Gangotri Glacier is regarded as a noteworthy pilgrimage
location for the Hindu disciples who visit this place to take a dip in the holy water near the
glacier. The Bhagirathi River happened to be originated from the Gangotri glacier. The glacier
measures 30 kilometers in length and is between 2 to 4 kilometers wide. The journey to the
glacier though exhausting is worthwhile.
Gomukh: Gomukh, the terminal point of the Gangotri glacier is located at a height of 11,500
feet, which boasts of its enormous volume of over 27 cubic kilometers. It is situated 18 kilometer
away from Gangotri in the foothills of the Himalays. Since, the place has a similarity with a
cow’s mouth, it got its name “Gomukh”, which literally means ‘’Mouth of a Cow’’. The place
offers visual splendor with its striking scenic beauty merged with spiritual significance. Gomukh
is also blessed by other names as ‘’Gomukhi’’ or ‘’Gaumukh’’ and several pious travelers and
hermits visit the place for worshiping. However, due to the impact of global warming, the
Gomukh snout is retreating rapidly, which according to the modern research has moved 1
kilometer in last 70 years.
Gangotri Temple: This towering marble structured temple, with a height of 20 feet, was built by
under the patronage of a Gurkha commander Amar Singh Thapa in the 18th century. In winter,
the idol is shifted to the adjacent Mukhimath village, where it is kept for next six months.
The Shivaling: This submerged Shivaling can be viewed only during the winter, when the water
level is enough low. The place is extremely sacred, since it is treated as the exact site, where
Lord Shiva has tangled River Ganga in his locks.